How real is our consensus about human rights beyond the traditional human rights community? And are claims of legitimacy easily accepted in conjunction with military operations thought to be in support of human rights, as has been claimed in Iraq and Afghanistan? The US favors civil and political rights on an individual basis, while largely rejecting economic and social rights as well as so-called third generation or group rights. Meanwhile, much of the rest of the world recognizes economic and social rights, and the developing world arguably gives them priority along with group rights. How to make sense of these differences outside the customary framework viewing human rights through the lens of universalist claims versus cultural relativism?